Resource Attribute Improvements

We add a number of enhancements to attribute:

Motivation

As a Chef user,
I want to be able to use natural syntax for properties,
So that I can spend less time writing cookbooks, and make them more readable.

As a Chef user,
I want resources to be more readable and ubiquitous,
So that I can easily tell the interface to things I use.

As a Chef user,
I want resource attributes and node attributes to use different words,
so that they don't lead me to conflate them as concepts.

Specification

property

property will be added to Chef::Resource as the primary way to write properties. This is to alleviate confusion around resource and node attributes.

class MyResource < Chef::Resource
  property :path, Path, name_attribute: true
  property :content, String
end

This calls MyResource.properties[name] = .

When a property is defined this way: - my_resource.<name> will get the property value. - my_resource.<name> = <value> will set the property value. - my_resource.<name> <value> will set the property value. - MyResource.state_attrs will include the property name. - MyResource.properties will contain the property type. - The setter and getter manipulate the class variable @<name>.

(This is the same as before, except the addition of the properties hash.)

Make nil a valid value

It will now be possible to set a property to nil by saying my_property nil. (Currently, this will not change the value of my_property.)

In Chef 12, we will keep behavior the same, and deprecate the current behavior of silently doing nothing when you set a property to nil. We will allow properties to explicitly allow nil, however, by specifying it explicitly as a valid value: property :path, [ String, nil ].

Make defaults lazy

lazy defaults are automatically run in the context of the instance:

class MysqlInstall < Chef::Resource
  property :root_path, String, default: '/'
  property :config_path, String, default: lazy { File.join(root_path, 'config') }
end

This is a breaking change since attribute is the same as property, but it is considered a bugfix and not a backcompat feature, so backwards compatibility will not be maintained.

attribute

attribute will remain on LWRPs, and be an alias to property with no distinctions.

Use property instead of attribute in documentation

attribute will continue to be supported; there are simply too many things in the world to deprecate it. However, any generic documentation that talks about attributes will be renamed to talk about properties. attribute itself will still be documented.

We will need to write a comprehensive resource writing guide as well, in order to get it pumped to the top of Google, so that attribute comes up less and less often in searches and property comes up more and more.

Property type

Properties with a single type are common enough that we support a "type" for a property, specifiable after its name.

class MyResource < Chef::Resource
  property :content, String
end

This is actually an alias for is (described later here).

Reusing types

The type of a property is represented by Chef::Resource::PropertyType, and contains accessors for all the properties of a type (must_be, name_attribute, kind_of, etc.).

When you declare property :name, <type>, <options>, one of two things happens:

Property Inheritance

Subclasses get properties from their parent.

class A < Chef::Resource
  property :a, String
end
class B < Chef::Resource
  property :b, String
end
B.state_attrs -> [ :a, :b ]

Overriding Properties

When a property is overridden, the override is complete: that is, the parent type is not extended or mixed in any way.

class A < Chef::Resource
  property :a, String, default: 'Hello'
end
class B < A
  property :a
end
A.properties[:a].default #=> 'Hello'
B.properties[:a].default #=> nil

is

is is a new validation parameter that uses Ruby's match operator === (the thing that drives case and when).

# These are equivalent
property :x, [ :a, :b, :c ]
property :x, is: [ :a, :b, :c ]

It is worth noting that many existing validations can be expressed directly in terms of is:

Old Qualifier | is -----------------------|--------------- kind_of: String | is: String equal_to: [ :a, :b ] | is: [ :a, :b ] regex: /@chef.io/ | is: /@chef.io/ respond_to: :merge | is: proc { |v| v.respond_to?(:merge) } cannot_be: :empty | is: proc { |v| !v.empty? }

As well as some things that were hard to express before:

property :path, [ String, :up, :down, nil ]

If both is and a type are specified, the values in the type are prepended to is.

RSpec matchers

is allows for rspec 3 matchers to be passed, and will validate them and print failures.

property :path, a_string_starting_with('/')

There are no current plans to actually include the matcher syntax in Resource by default; users will do this if they want it by doing include RSpec::Matchers.

Coercion

coerce is a proc run when the user sets a non-lazy value, or reads a lazy or default value. It allows normalization of input, which makes it simple to create expressive interfaces while preserving a simple programming model that knows what to expect:

class File < Chef::Resource
  attribute :mode, coerce: proc { |m| m.is_a?(String) ? m.to_s(8) : m }
end

coerce procs are run in the context of the instance, so that they have access to other attributes and methods.

property_is_set?

We introduce property_is_set?(:blah) to determine whether a given property has been explicitly set on an instance (so you can distinguish between default and non-default values).

class X < Chef::Resource
  provides :x
  property :a, default: 1
  property :b, default: 1
end

x 'blah' do
  a 1
  puts a                    #=> 1
  puts property_is_set?(:a) #=> true
  puts b                    #=> 1
  puts property_is_set?(:b) #=> false
end

Backwards Compatibility Summary

Two things will change in Chef 13:

Copyright

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